Best Practices: Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation into Environmental Assessments

Climate change has become apparent both locally and globally, and the impacts are placing stress on the infrastructure of the built, natural, social and economic environments. This has resulted in high economic costs for both governments and individuals. Infrastructure damage has cost the province of Ontario millions of dollars. The province’s stance towards climate change has been reactive in nature, resulting in an unsustainable cost burden. If the province of Ontario takes a proactive approach to planning that integrates climate change adaptation and mitigation such as through Environmental Assessment (EA) it will reduce the province’s vulnerability to the changing climate. This guide was prepared for Ontario Climate Consortium and Toronto Region Conservation Authority (TRCA) by graduate students in the Masters in Environment and Sustainability (MES) program in the Centre for Environment and Sustainability (CES) at Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.